Facts about Pashto-Pashto Language-Pashto Dialects

Here we unveiled some facts about Pashto that you should know. The Pashto language is one of the ancient languages that have been spoken and written in South Asia. People speak many Pashto dialects in Afghanistan and the provinces of Pakistan: Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK).

A short history of the Pashto language

If we discuss the origin of the Pashto language, we cannot say its exact essence. The Pashto language can also be pronounced as Pakhto. However, some linguists state that in the Pashto, some varieties of Greek, Saka, Parthian, and Persian languages are found.

The linguists found that the Pashto language is 2500 years ancient. The Pashto language is from the family of Indo-Iranian language family. Generally, the language emerged from the Kandahar district of Afghanistan, and now its administrative and national language.

 In Afghanistan, Pashto is the native language of the population range from 31% to 51%, while approximately 10% to 27% of people use Pashto as their second language.

Pashto vocabulary

Unlike other languages, there are very few words in Pashto vocabulary borrowed from other languages. However, you can find some similarities in some known words. For example, in the Sindhi language, they use ‘gadi’ for cart; in Hindi, they use ‘gari’, and Pashto uses ‘gadai’. Some other words are also identical in these three languages: Hindi, Pashto, and Sindhi. For example, the users of these languages use, Khirki for window, peda for sweet, and Sadak for road likely.

Interesting facts of Pashto language

Interestingly, people are searching largely about the meaning of known words in the Pashto language. Recently, my friend, an Urdu speaker, wrote in a google search, ‘ao kana Pashto meaning in Urdu’. Then I made him understand that it meant ‘yes sure’.

Similarly, there are also other interesting words that user search largely. More amusingly, with the emerging trend of Pashto song ‘larsha Pekhawar ta’, a group of music lovers has intense curiosity to know the song’s meaning and the lyrics of ‘larsha pekhawar ta’.

Pashto alphabets-Pashto sounds

Do you know how many letters are there in Pashto alphabets? There are 45 letters in the Pashto alphabet. They are very similar to Urdu and Arabic letters in shape and sound. For example, the first letter in these languages is the same and also in its sound.

However, Pashto is also different from these contemporary languages in some fields of Pashto sound. For example, you can find the sound /gh/ in Pashto, but it is not Arabic. Similarly, the /t/ and /p/are pronounced in the Pashto language but are not included in the discourse of the Arabic language.

Pashto grammar

If you want to know about the Pashto grammar and sentence structure of the Pashto language, you are on the right page. The sentence structure of the Pashto is different from the English Language, while same to the Urdu language.

For example, we follow the Subject+ verb+ object format in English, while in Urdu, we follow subject + object+ verb.  Similarly, in the Pakhto language, we also follow the pattern in the Urdu language. Here I will write one example of each pattern for you, but I will write in roman fonts for better understanding.

English sentences structure

A girl(sub) went(verb) to school (obj).

Urdu sentence structure

Ak larki(sub) school(obj) gayi(verb).

Pashto sentence structure

Yawa jenay(sub) maktab(obj) ta larha(verb).

Pashto dialects

Pashto dialects generally fall into two main dialects, Southern and Northern. They are not very different, but northern people use hard sounds like /kh/ and /gh/, while southern people use soft sounds like /sh/ and /zh/. Many Pashto dialects vary in terms of meaning, grammar and pronunciation.


For learning a second language, one must need to do hard work. Even if Pashto is your native language, you need to know more about it. We provide the best services for language learning. Langaugestutor.org offers online courses of learning Pashto, Urdu, English, and Arabic.

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