In figurative language, the users of the language do not mean exactly what they say or write. In a figurative speech in English, words are not used explicitly but are used implicitly. In simple words, it is very interesting that the meaning of the words is not taken as they seem. Rather, you have to look into the words for their implied meaning.

Have you ever listened to someone saying, “I could eat a horse”? So, seemingly its meaning is foolish, but in a figurative speech in English, it means that the declarer of the sentence is extremely hungry and strives to eat anything he could find.

Using figurative language is difficult for one with little experience in the English Language. However, it is not like moving a mountain. The previous sentence in the text is a sample of figurative language. it means that it is not too difficult to use.

Use of figurative language

You must be curious about knowing that if using figurative language is difficult, then why do you use figurative speech in our text.

You can find your answer here. The opposite of figurative language is the literal language used in professional communication, legal documents, and science subjects. However, if we use literal language in other contexts, it will make them boring.

The figurative language beautifies the text. It makes the readers more engaged in a text document like novel, story, drama, poetry, etc. Furthermore, it sometimes simplifies complex thoughts in simple words. You can read that in the upcoming paragraph.

Figures of speech

To know more about figurative language, you should know about figures of speech. It is also called the ornament of speech as it beautifies the text. Every part of figurative language is one of the figures of speech. Here we will let you know about three of them. 


A simile is a figure of speech when there is a comparison of two different things using the words ‘like and as’ for showing the characteristics of one thing similar to another. Here are some examples of similes.

In these two sentences, the bravery of Rustam is compared to the bravery of the lion; and next sentence, the beauty of her face is compared to the beauty of the moon.


Personification is the most interesting figure of speech. In a text, giving the animate characteristics to the inanimate is called personification. Simply, when abstract bodies or non-human are taken as human, we can say that personification is used. For example,

“Laying its petals in the lap of a pleasant morning, a rose opened its eyes and summoned all its beholders to state its final words of letting them free, but unbeknown to the fate, the rain showered heavily, and the rose lost its life.”

You can see in the paragraph that how rose acquires the characteristics of humans.


An allusion is a figure of speech that connects the present speech with some event or incident that happened in the past. So, no need for further explanation, as it will be very clear reading the following example.

“What do you think of yourself, Eda? I cannot go to find a prophet in Thebes to know my luck. If you are in my face, no doubt, no one can separate you from me. Otherwise, if you are not, you shall go”.

In the above paragraph, in the text, the reference is made to the great work of Sophocles, Oedipus Rex.


Using figurative language, though, is difficult, but it has its taste and charm. To use it properly and know more about the figures of speech, you should learn English. Join the online class with and learn the language properly. You can also have the opportunity to learn Arabic, Urdu, and Pashto.