Sentence Structure in the English Language
While learning the English language, you should first focus on its basic sentence structure. After reading this blog, you will know English language sentence structure, how to form sentences, how to place parts of speech in a sentence, and how to know the kinds of a sentence according to structure and function.
Sentence structure in a specific language means how all parts of a sentence join together to form a meaningful statement. Here are some rules that will help you form the sentence and use it correctly and confidently.
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Basic parts of a sentence
However, there are many parts of a sentence, but each must contain its basic parts: verb and subject.
The verb is an action that is done in a sentence. For example,
- They play.
- We ate.
- He went.
- She drank.
Certain actions like playing, eating, going, and drinking happen in the above sentences, so these words are parts of the sentences called verbs.
The doer of the action in a sentence is called the subject; in the above sentences, they, we, he, and she is words that perform actions, so these words are parts of the sentences called subjects.
- They called.
- We write.
- He kicked.
- She dressed.
However, sometimes we add some additional words to the sentence to form its correct structure. For example,
- They are calling.
- She was writing.
In these two sentences, words ‘are‘ and ‘was‘ are used additionally, so they are called helping verbs. When a verb is not part of any sentence mainly but helps in structuring the sentence is called a helping verb.
Sometimes, seemingly, there would be no subject in a sentence. For example,
These look simple single words, but they are complete sentences. These sentences have a subject at the start but are unnecessary because they are imperative sentences. And in an imperative sentence, there is no need to mention the subject. According to some grammarians, the sentences without subjects have their subject ‘you’ already understood in the meaning.
Furthermore, some sentences also have ‘objects’ to clear the message in a sentence. For example,
- They drink water.
- We ate apples.
- She wrote a letter.
- He kicked the ball.
The words’ water, apples, letter, ball,’ add to the sentence’s more vivid meaning in the above sentences.
Kinds of objects
Some time in a sentence, two kinds of objects are used: direct objects and indirect objects.
The direct object is used in a sentence to receive a verb’s action. There are some sentences for you to understand.
- She gave her friend a gift.
- He put the book on the table.
In the above two sentences, the words’ gift and book’ receive the verb’s action, which is direct objects.
A word that receives the direct object is called an indirect object. The words’ table and friend’ are indirect objects in the above sentences because they receive the direct objects, book, and gift.
Rules for structuring English sentences
There are specific rules for structuring English sentences. First, you should focus on the verb, subject, and object placement. So, the rules for forming sentences in English are subject + verb + object.
You will be more likely to understand after reading the following sentence.
- Aslam (subject) drinks (verb) water (object).
Furthermore, the mixing of words may lead to misconceptions. So, strictly follow the English grammar rules while forming sentences.
Knowing about English grammar is very necessary for using the English language correctly. However, some linguists are agreed on avoiding the grammar rules while speaking English. But, for commanding over perfectly, you will need to learn grammar, as it is necessary for written language. It will help you understand the complex structure of English language sentences.